History and Maine's First Ship

The pinnace Virginia was the first ocean-going English ship built in the Americas, and she started a 400-year legacy of shipbuilding in the lower Kennebec River near Bath Maine. The tidal portion of the river was previously called the Sagadahoc River; Sagadahoc is a Wabanaki name meaning “river mouth”. The area was heavily populated by the Wabanaki before the arrival of the Europeans and they had a long tradition of building watercraft as boats were generally the only viable form of transportation in the area.

Virginia was built in 1607-1608 at the Popham Colony which was founded by the Plymouth company in August 1607 and abandoned in October 1608.  The colony of about 100 men and boys was founded to exploit the wood, animal, and mineral wealth of the area and to find the northwest passage. Virginia was built to use in this exploration and to show it was possible to build a ship using local materials in the Americas. When the colony was abandoned, Virginia was sailed to England, and in 1609 sailed to Jamestown, the Popham Colony’s southern sister colony.

Wabanaki and Europeans before 1600
The story of the Popham Colony
John Bradford's introduction
The first six weeks of the Popham Colony
Popham v Havercombe
Law suit about the Gift of God return
Public domain documents
Letters between Zúñiga and King Philip III
French Jesuit visiting in 1611
Hunt plan of Fort St George - Simancas scan
Archaeologic digs at Fort St George
History of the Bath Freight Shed
History of ship building in Bath